Eye problems are quite common in the current times. They can be as mild as sores, which go away on their own after a short while, or severe conditions that can even lead to sight loss. It is therefore very important to visit your optician on a regular basis for an eye checkup, even if you do not have any known existing eye problem. Some of the most common eye conditions experienced by most patients are highlighted below.
Eye problems commonly experienced
Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, refers to the inflammation of the conjunctiva. The most common causes of this problem are allergies and infections, both bacterial and viral. The swelling of the blood vessels within the conjunctiva is what makes the eye to appear reddish. Your eyes may also get gunky and itchy.
This is the name given to a group of conditions which causes a buildup of fluids in your eyes. The fluids, in turn, exert pressure on the optic nerve, which if not treated may result in sight loss. For most types, you will not experience any symptoms during the early stages of the condition. Acute angle-closure type of glaucoma, however, will cause a sudden pressure rise in the eye which can be felt even in the early stages. Other common symptoms of glaucoma include eye pain, headaches, nausea, and deteriorating vision. The condition should be treated with urgency to avoid blindness.
This condition is the inflammation of the optic nerve, which travels from the eye to the brain. It is often caused by infections, multiple sclerosis, and various other conditions. Severe symptoms include vision loss and discomfort or pain when you move your eyes sideways.
Just as the name suggests, corneal abrasion simply refers to a scratch on the cornea. It is usually quite painful in most cases. Getting the scratch is also relatively easy and can occur when you are rubbing your eyes. Foreign bodies, such as dirt, can also cause the abrasion. Use water or artificial tears to rinse out the foreign particles. With an antibiotics prescription from your doctor, it will get better within a few days. Without the antibiotics, you may end up with corneal infection, also known as keratitis. This can be caused by either a viral or a bacterial infection. Other causes of the infection include wearing dirty lenses and sleep with your contact lenses.